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Mathematical Symbol


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CSS Mathematical Form

There are many ways to present complicated mathematical expressions in a HTML web page. However HTML together with CSS can also be used to present most simple mathematical expressions in HTML web pages.

Mathematical Symbols

With the Unicode encoding, many math and technical symbols can be specified in a HTML web page.

Common Symbol

Punctuation:`-=[]\;',./~!@#$%^&*()_+{}|:"<>? Operator:−×⋅∓±∘∗∙ Relation:∼∽∾≁≂≃≄≅≆≇≈≉≌≐≠≡≤≥≦≧≨≩≪≫ Relation:∈∉∊∋∌∍⊂⊃⊄⊅⊆⊇ Misc:∀∂∃∅⦰∆∇∎∞∝∴∵∏∐∑⋀⋁⋂⋃ Misc:∫∬∭∮∯∰∱∲∳⋮⋯⋰⋱

Alphanumeric Symbol

Sans Capital:ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ Sans Small:abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Maths Bold Capital:𝐀𝐁𝐂𝐃𝐄𝐅𝐆𝐇𝐈𝐉𝐊𝐋𝐌𝐍𝐎𝐏𝐐𝐑𝐒𝐓𝐔𝐕𝐖𝐗𝐘𝐙 Maths Bold Small:𝐚𝐛𝐜𝐝𝐞𝐟𝐠𝐡𝐢𝐣𝐤𝐥𝐦𝐧𝐨𝐩𝐪𝐫𝐬𝐭𝐮𝐯𝐰𝐱𝐲𝐳 Maths Italic Capital:𝐴𝐵𝐶𝐷𝐸𝐹𝐺𝐻𝐼𝐽𝐾𝐿𝑀𝑁𝑂𝑃𝑄𝑅𝑆𝑇𝑈𝑉𝑊𝑋𝑌𝑍 Maths Italic Small:𝑎𝑏𝑐𝑑𝑒𝑓𝑔ℎ𝑖𝑗𝑘𝑙𝑚𝑛𝑜𝑝𝑞𝑟𝑠𝑡𝑢𝑣𝑤𝑥𝑦𝑧 Maths Bold Italic Capital:𝑨𝑩𝑪𝑫𝑬𝑭𝑮𝑯𝑰𝑱𝑲𝑳𝑴𝑵𝑶𝑷𝑸𝑹𝑺𝑻𝑼𝑽𝑾𝑿𝒀𝒁 Maths Bold Italic Small:𝒂𝒃𝒄𝒅𝒆𝒇𝒈𝒉𝒊𝒋𝒌𝒍𝒎𝒏𝒐𝒑𝒒𝒓𝒔𝒕𝒖𝒗𝒘𝒙𝒚𝒛 Sans Digit:0123456789 Maths Bold Digit:𝟎𝟏𝟐𝟑𝟒𝟓𝟔𝟕𝟖𝟗 Maths Script Capital:𝒜ℬ𝒞𝒟ℰℱ𝒢ℋℐ𝒥𝒦ℒℳ𝒩𝒪𝒫𝒬ℛ𝒮𝒯𝒰𝒱𝒲𝒳𝒴𝒵 Maths Script Small:𝒶𝒷𝒸𝒹ℯ𝒻ℊ𝒽𝒾𝒿𝓀𝓁𝓂𝓃ℴ𝓅𝓆𝓇𝓈𝓉𝓊𝓋𝓌𝓍𝓎𝓏 Maths Script Bold Capital:𝓐𝓑𝓒𝓓𝓔𝓕𝓖𝓗𝓘𝓙𝓚𝓛𝓜𝓝𝓞𝓟𝓠𝓡𝓢𝓣𝓤𝓥𝓦𝓧𝓨𝓩 Maths Script Bold Small:𝓪𝓫𝓬𝓭𝓮𝓯ℊ𝓱𝓲𝓳𝓴𝓵𝓶𝓷𝓸𝓹𝓺𝓻𝓼𝓽𝓾𝓿𝔀𝔁𝔂𝔃 Maths Double-Struck Capital:𝔸𝔹ℂ𝔻𝔼𝔽𝔾ℍ𝕀𝕁𝕂𝕃𝕄ℕ𝕆ℙℚℝ𝕊𝕋𝕌𝕍𝕎𝕏𝕐ℤ Maths Double-Struck Small:𝕒𝕓𝕔𝕕𝕖𝕗𝕘𝕙𝕚𝕛𝕜𝕝𝕞𝕟𝕠𝕡𝕢𝕣𝕤𝕥𝕦𝕧𝕨𝕩𝕪𝕫 Maths Monospace Capital:𝙰𝙱𝙲𝙳𝙴𝙵𝙶𝙷𝙸𝙹𝙺𝙻𝙼𝙽𝙾𝙿𝚀𝚁𝚂𝚃𝚄𝚅𝚆𝚇𝚈𝚉 Maths Monospace Small:𝚊𝚋𝚌𝚍𝚎𝚏𝚐𝚑𝚒𝚓𝚔𝚕𝚖𝚗𝚘𝚙𝚚𝚛𝚜𝚝𝚞𝚟𝚠𝚡𝚢𝚣 Maths Double-Struck Digital:𝟘𝟙𝟚𝟛𝟜𝟝𝟞𝟟𝟠𝟡 Maths Monospace Dight:𝟶𝟷𝟸𝟹𝟺𝟻𝟼𝟽𝟾𝟿 Maths Sans-Serif Capital:𝖠𝖡𝖢𝖣𝖤𝖥𝖦𝖧𝖨𝖩𝖪𝖫𝖬𝖭𝖮𝖯𝖰𝖱𝖲𝖳𝖴𝖵𝖶𝖷𝖸𝖹 Maths Sans-Serif Small:𝖺𝖻𝖼𝖽𝖾𝖿𝗀𝗁𝗂𝗃𝗄𝗅𝗆𝗇𝗈𝗉𝗊𝗋𝗌𝗍𝗎𝗏𝗐𝗑𝗒𝗓 Maths Sans-Serif Bold Capital:𝗔𝗕𝗖𝗗𝗘𝗙𝗚𝗛𝗜𝗝𝗞𝗟𝗠𝗡𝗢𝗣𝗤𝗥𝗦𝗧𝗨𝗩𝗪𝗫𝗬𝗭 Maths Sans-Serif Bold Small:𝗮𝗯𝗰𝗱𝗲𝗳𝗴𝗵𝗶𝗷𝗸𝗹𝗺𝗻𝗼𝗽𝗾𝗿𝘀𝘁𝘂𝘃𝘄𝘅𝘆𝘇 Maths Sans-Serif Italic Capital:𝘈𝘉𝘊𝘋𝘌𝘍𝘎𝘏𝘐𝘑𝘒𝘓𝘔𝘕𝘖𝘗𝘘𝘙𝘚𝘛𝘜𝘝𝘞𝘟𝘠𝘡 Maths Sans-Serif Italic Small:𝘢𝘣𝘤𝘥𝘦𝘧𝘨𝘩𝘪𝘫𝘬𝘭𝘮𝘯𝘰𝘱𝘲𝘳𝘴𝘵𝘶𝘷𝘸𝘹𝘺𝘻 Maths Sans-Serif Bold Italic Capital:𝘼𝘽𝘾𝘿𝙀𝙁𝙂𝙃𝙄𝙅𝙆𝙇𝙈𝙉𝙊𝙋𝙌𝙍𝙎𝙏𝙐𝙑𝙒𝙓𝙔𝙕 Maths Sans-Serif Bold Italic Small:𝙖𝙗𝙘𝙙𝙚𝙛𝙜𝙝𝙞𝙟𝙠𝙡𝙢𝙣𝙤𝙥𝙦𝙧𝙨𝙩𝙪𝙫𝙬𝙭𝙮𝙯 Maths Sans-Serif Digit:𝟢𝟣𝟤𝟥𝟦𝟧𝟨𝟩𝟪𝟫 Maths Sans-Serif Bold Digit:𝟬𝟭𝟮𝟯𝟰𝟱𝟲𝟳𝟴𝟵 Maths Fraktur Capital:𝔄𝔅ℭ𝔇𝔈𝔉𝔊ℌℑ𝔍𝔎𝔏𝔐𝔑𝔒𝔓𝔔ℜ𝔖𝔗𝔘𝔙𝔚𝔛𝔜ℨ Maths Fraktur Small𝔞𝔟𝔠𝔡𝔢𝔣𝔤𝔥𝔦𝔧𝔨𝔩𝔪𝔫𝔬𝔭𝔮𝔯𝔰𝔱𝔲𝔳𝔴𝔵𝔶𝔷 Maths Fraktur Bold Capital:𝕬𝕭𝕮𝕯𝕰𝕱𝕲𝕳𝕴𝕵𝕶𝕷𝕸𝕹𝕺𝕻𝕼𝕽𝕾𝕿𝖀𝖁𝖂𝖃𝖄𝖅 Maths Fraktur Bold Small:𝖆𝖇𝖈𝖉𝖊𝖋𝖌𝖍𝖎𝖏𝖐𝖑𝖒𝖓𝖔𝖕𝖖𝖗𝖘𝖙𝖚𝖛𝖜𝖝𝖞𝖟 Maths Greek Bold Capital:𝚨𝚩𝚪𝚫𝚬𝚭𝚮𝚯𝚰𝚱𝚲𝚳𝚴𝚵𝚶𝚷𝚸𝚺𝚻𝚼𝚽𝚾𝚿𝛀 Maths Greek Bold Small:𝛂𝛃𝛄𝛅𝛆𝛇𝛈𝛉𝛊𝛋𝛌𝛍𝛎𝛏𝛐𝛑𝛒𝛔𝛕𝛖𝛗𝛘𝛙𝛚 Maths Greek Italic Capital:𝛢𝛣𝛤𝛥𝛦𝛧𝛨𝛩𝛪𝛫𝛬𝛭𝛮𝛯𝛰𝛱𝛲𝛴𝛵𝛶𝛷𝛸𝛹𝛺 Maths Greek Italic Small:𝛼𝛽𝛾𝛿𝜀𝜁𝜂𝜃𝜄𝜅𝜆𝜇𝜈𝜉𝜊𝜋𝜌𝜎𝜏𝜐𝜑𝜒𝜓𝜔 Maths Greek Bold Italic Capital:𝜜𝜝𝜞𝜟𝜠𝜡𝜢𝜣𝜤𝜥𝜦𝜧𝜨𝜩𝜪𝜫𝜬𝜮𝜯𝜰𝜱𝜲𝜳𝜴 Maths Greek Bold Italic Small:𝜶𝜷𝜸𝜹𝜺𝜻𝜼𝜽𝜾𝜿𝝀𝝁𝝂𝝃𝝄𝝅𝝆𝝈𝝉𝝊𝝋𝝌𝝍𝝎 Maths Common Symbol Italic Small Dotless:𝚤𝚥 Maths Common Symbol Bold:𝚹𝛁𝛓𝛛𝛜𝛝𝛞𝛟𝛠𝛡 Maths Common Symbol Italic:𝛳𝛻𝜍𝜕𝜖𝜗𝜘𝜙𝜚𝜛 Maths Common Symbol Bold Italic:𝜭𝜵𝝇𝝏𝝐𝝑𝝒𝝓𝝔𝝕 Greek Common Capital:ΑΒΓΔΕΖΗΘΙΚΛΜΝΞΟΠΡΣΤΥΦΧΨΩ Greek Common Small:αβγδεζηθικλμνξοπρςστυφχψω Greek Common Symbol:ϑϒϕϖ Greek Capital:ͰͲͶΆΈΉΊΌΎΏΪΫϷϹϺϽϾϿϏ Greek Small:ͱͳͷάέήίόύώϊϋϸϲϻͻͼͽϗ Greek Letter:ϘϚϜϞϠ Greek Small:ϙϛϝϟϡ Greek Symbol:ϴϳΐΰʹ͵ͺ;΄΅·ϐϓϔϰϱϵ϶ϼ

Alphanumeric Numbering

Circled Digit:⓪①②③④⑤⑥⑦⑧⑨⑩⑪⑫⑬⑭⑮⑯⑰⑱⑲⑳㉑㉒㉓㉔㉕㉖㉗㉘㉙㉚㉛㉜㉝㉞㉟㊱㊲㊳㊴㊵㊶㊷㊸㊹㊺㊻㊼㊽㊾㊿ Parenthesized Dight:⑴⑵⑶⑷⑸⑹⑺⑻⑼⑽⑾⑿⒀⒁⒂⒃⒄⒅⒆⒇ Full Stop Dighl:🄀⒈⒉⒊⒋⒌⒍⒎⒏⒐⒑⒒⒓⒔⒕⒖⒗⒘⒙⒚⒛ Comma Dighl:🄁🄂🄃🄄🄅🄆🄇🄈🄉🄊 Negative Circled Digit:⓿⓫⓬⓭⓮⓯⓰⓱⓲⓳⓴ Double Circled Digit:⓵⓶⓷⓸⓹⓺⓻⓼⓽⓾ Dingbat Negative Circled Digit:❶❷❸❹❺❻❼❽❾❿ Dingbat Circled Sans-Serif Digit:🄋➀➁➂➃➄➅➆➇➈➉ Dingbat Negative Circled Sans-Serif Digit:🄌➊➋➌➍➎➏➐➑➒➓ Ideographic Annotation Mark:㆒㆓㆔㆕ Parenthesized Ideographic:㈠㈡㈢㈣㈤㈥㈦㈧㈨㈩ Circled Number on Black Square:㉈㉉㉊㉋㉌㉍㉎㉏ Circled Ideograph:㊀㊁㊂㊃㊄㊅㊆㊇㊈㊉ Roman Numeral Capital Digit:ⅡⅢⅣⅤⅥ ⅧⅨⅩⅪⅫⅬⅭⅮⅯ Roman Numeral Small Digit:ⅰⅱⅲⅳⅴⅵⅶⅷⅸⅹⅺⅻⅼⅽⅾⅿ Roman Numeral Digit:ↀↁↂↃↅↆↇↈ Ideorgrphic Number: HangZhou Digit:〡〢〣〤〥〦〧〨〩〸〹〺 Parenthesized Latin Capital:🄐🄑🄒🄓🄔🄕🄖🄗🄘🄙🄚🄛🄜🄝🄞🄟🄠🄡🄢🄣🄤🄥🄦🄧🄨🄩 Parenthesized Latin Small:⒜⒝⒞⒟⒠⒡⒢⒣⒤⒥⒦⒧⒨⒩⒪⒫⒬⒭⒮⒯⒰⒱⒲⒳⒴⒵ Circled Latin Capital:ⒶⒷⒸⒹⒺⒻⒼⒽⒾⒿⓀⓁⓂⓃⓄⓅⓆⓇⓈⓉⓊⓋⓌⓍⓎⓏ Circled Latin Small:ⓐⓑⓒⓓⓔⓕⓖⓗⓘⓙⓚⓛⓜⓝⓞⓟⓠⓡⓢⓣⓤⓥⓦⓧⓨⓩ Squared Latin Capital:🄰🄱🄲🄳🄴🄵🄶🄷🄸🄹🄺🄻🄼🄽🄾🄿🅀🅁🅂🅃🅄🅅🅆🅇🅈🅉 Negative Circled Latin Capital:🅐🅑🅒🅓🅔🅕🅖🅗🅘🅙🅚🅛🅜🅝🅞🅟🅠🅡🅢🅣🅤🅥🅦🅧🅨🅩 Negative Squared Latin Capital:🅰🅱🅲🅳🅴🅵🅶🅷🅸🅹🅺🅻🅼🅽🅾🅿🆀🆁🆂🆃🆄🆅🆆🆇🆈🆉 Regional Indicator Symbol:🇦🇧🇨🇩🇪🇫🇬🇭🇮🇯🇰🇱🇲🇳🇴🇵🇶🇷🇸🇹🇺🇻🇼🇽🇾🇿

Fraction

Vulgar Fraction:¼½¾⅐⅑⅒⅓⅔⅕⅖⅗⅘⅙⅚⅛⅜⅝⅞⅟↉

Super/Sub- Script

Superscript Digit:⁰¹²³⁴⁵⁶⁷⁸⁹ Superscript Symbol:⁺⁻⁼⁽⁾ Superscript Latin Small:ⁿⁱ Subscript Digit:₀₁₂₃₄₅₆₇₈₉ Subscript Symbol:₊₋₌₍₎ Superscript Latin Small:ₐₑₒₓₔₕₖₗₘₙₚₛₜᵢᵣᵤᵥ Superscript Greek Small:ᵦᵧᵨᵩᵪ

Math/Tech Symbol

Mathematical Symbols:∀∁∂∃∄∅∆∇∎∞∴∵∿⊤⊥⊾⊿⦀⦁⦂⧧⧨⧩⧪⧫⧬⧭ Error Bar Symbols⧮⧯⧰⧱⧲⧳⧴⧵⧶⧷ Set Membership:∈∉∊∋∌∍ N-ary Operators:∏∐∑⋀⋁⋂⋃⨀⨁⨂⨃⨄⨅⨆⨇⨈⨉ Operators:−∓∔∕∖∗∘∙√∛∜∝∸∺≀⊌⊍⊎⊓⊔⊕⊖⊗⊘⊙⊚⊛⊜⊝⊞⊟⊠⊡⊢⊣⊺⊻⊼⊽⋄⋅⋆⋇⋉⋊⋋⋌⋒⋓ Angles:∟∠∡∢⦛⦜⦝⦞⦟⦠⦡⦢⦣⦤⦥⦦⦧⦨⦩⦪⦫⦬⦭⦮⦯ Relations:∣∤∥∦∶∷∹∻∼∽∾≁≂≃≄≅≆≇≈≉≊≋≌≍≎≏≐≑≒≓≔≕≖≗≘≙≚≛≜≝≞≟≠≡≢≣≤≥≦≧≨≩≪≫≬≭≮≯≰≱≲≳≴≵≶≷≸≹≺≻≼≽≾≿⊀⊁⊂⊃⊄⊅⊆⊇⊈⊉⊊⊋⊏⊐⊑⊒⊦⊧⊨⊩⊪⊫⊬⊭⊮⊯⊰⊱⊲⊳⊴⊵⊶⊷⊸⊹⋈⋍⋐⋑⋔⋕⋖⋗⋘⋙⋚⋛⋜⋝⋞⋟⋠⋡⋢⋣⋤⋥⋦⋧⋨⋩⋪⋫⋬⋭⋲⋳⋴⋵⋶⋷⋸⋹⋺⋻⋼⋽⋾⋿⧣⧤⧥⧦⫷⫸⫹⫺⫻⫼⫽⫾⫿ Logical and Set Operators:∧∨∩∪ Integrals:∫∬∭∮∯∰∱∲∳ Logical Operators:⋎⋏ Matrix Ellipses:⋮⋯⋰⋱ Miscellaneous Symbols:⟀⟁⟂⟃⟄⟇⟈⟉⟋⟍⟐⧜⧝⧞⧟⧠⧡⧢ Paired Punctuation:⟅⟆ Punctuation:‖′″‴⁄‵‶‷⁗ʹʺ Vertical Line Operator:⟊⫮⫯⫰⫱⫲⫳⫴⫵ Division Operator: Operators:⟎⟏⟑⟒⟓⟔ Database Theory Operators:⟕⟖⟗ Tacks and Turnstiles:⟘⟙⟚⟛⟜⟝⟞⟟ Modal Logic Operators:⟠⟡⟢⟣⟤⟥ Mathematical Brackets:⟦⟧⟨⟩⟪⟫⟬⟭⟮⟯ Brackets:⦃⦄⦅⦆⦇⦈⦉⦊⦋⦌⦑⦒⦓⦔⦕⦖⦗⦘⧼⧽ Brackets with Ticks:⦍⦎⦏⦐ Fences:⦙⦚⧘⧙⧚⧛ Empty Sets:⦰⦱⦲⦳⦴ Circle Symbols:⦵⦶⦷⦸⦹⦺⦻⦼⦽⦾⦿⧀⧁⧂⧃ Square Symbols:⧄⧅⧆⧇⧈⧉ Triangle Symbols:⧊⧋⧌⧍⧎⧏⧐ Bowtie Symbols:⧑⧒⧓⧔⧕⧖⧗ Large Operators:⧸⧹⨝⨞⨟⨠⨡ Specialized Plus Sign Operators:⧺⧻ Symbols used in Game Theory:⧾⧿ Summations and Integrals:⨊⨋⨌⨍⨎⨏⨐⨑⨒⨓⨔⨕⨖⨗⨘⨙⨚⨛⨜ Plus and Minus Sign Operators:⨢⨣⨤⨥⨦⨧⨨⨩⨪⨫⨬⨭⨮ Multiplication and Ddivision Sign Operators:⨯⨰⨱⨲⨳⨴⨵⨶⨷⨸ Miscellaneous Operators:⨹⨺⨻⨼⨽⨾⨿⩤⩥⫶ Intersections and Unions:⩀⩁⩂⩃⩄⩅⩆⩇⩈⩉⩊⩋⩌⩍⩎⩏⩐ Logical Ands and Ors:⩑⩒⩓⩔⩕⩖⩗⩘⩙⩚⩛⩜⩝⩞⩟⩠⩡⩢⩣ Relational Operators:⩦⩧⩨⩩⩪⩫⩬⩭⩮⩯⩰⩱⩲⩳⩴⩵⩶⩷⩸⩹⩺⩻⩼⩽⩾⩿⪀⪁⪂⪃⪄⪅⪆⪇⪈⪉⪊⪋⪌⪍⪎⪏⪐⪑⪒⪓⪔⪕⪖⪗⪘⪙⪚⪛⪜⪝⪞⪟⪠⪡⪢⪣⪤⪥⪦⪧⪨⪩⪪⪫⪬⪭⪮⪯⪰⪱⪲⪳⪴⪵⪶⪷⪸⪹⪺⪻⪼ Subset and Superset Relations:⪽⪾⪿⫀⫁⫂⫃⫄⫅⫆⫇⫈⫉⫊⫋⫌⫍⫎⫏⫐⫑⫒⫓⫔⫕⫖⫗⫘Forks⫙⫚⫛⫝̸⫝ Tacks and Turnstiles:⫞⫟⫠⫡⫢⫣⫤⫥⫦⫧⫨⫩⫪⫫⫬⫭ Arrow←↑→↓↔↕↖↗↘↙▲▼◀▶↺↻⟲⟳↼↽↾↿⇀⇁⇂⇃⇄⇅⇆⇇⇐⇑⇒⇓⇔⇌⇍⇏⇕⇖⇗⇘⇙⇙⇳⥢⥣⥤⥥⥦⥧⥨⥩⥪⥫⥬⥭⥮⥯

LetterLike Symbol

LetterLike Symbol:℀℁ℂ℃℄℅℆ℇ℈℉ℊℋℌℍℎℏℐℑℒℓ℔ℕ№℗℘ℙℚℛℜℝ℞℟℠℡™℣ℤ℥Ω℧ℨ℩KÅℬℭ℮ℯℰℱℲℳℴℵℶℷℸℹ℺℻ℼℽℾℿ⅀⅁⅂⅃⅄ⅅⅆⅇⅈⅉ⅊⅋⅌⅍ⅎ⅏

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References

  1. http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-html401-1999, 1999, HTML 4.01 Specification: W3C Recommendation, updated 24 December 1999
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ID: 181200202 Last Updated: 2018/12/2 Revision: Ref:

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