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Similarity and Differential



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  Each and Every
   Similarity
   Differential
   Examples

Each and Every

Similarity

  • Both 'each' and 'every' are used as determiners or quantifier with singular nouns to indicate descriptive quantity.

Differential

  • Each indicates two or more things while every indicates three or more things.
  • Each can be used as a pronoun but every cannot be.

Examples

'each' used to specify each individual of both things. 'every' cannot be used to specify two things.

  • He had a tattoo on each arm. (He had a tattoo on both arms.)
  • He holds a bag in each hand. (He holds a bag in both hands.)
  • He holds a bag with both hand. (He needs both hand to hold a bag.)
  • He repeats the exercise two times with each hand. (The exercise is repeated two times by each of his hand.)
  • His parents each had a wardrobe and each one has 8 feet high. (Both of his parents had their own wardrobe.)
  • Each of his parents had a wardrobe and each one has 8 feet high. (Both of his parents had their own wardrobe.)

'each' used to specify one particular situation for a single individual of the group. 'every' used to specify one general situation for a group.

  • Every final year student has the opportunity to join the Guaranteed Fashion Show every year. All necessary material are provided for every student and each
  • I have read every book in the book case and I read each book one by one.
  • Every child who come to the party will have a present. The present will be given to each child one by one at the end of the party.

'every' used together with adverbs to indicate a typical thing of the group.

  • He posts new deals almost every working day.
  • The database contains records of nearly every person in the country.
  • Practically every person has his or her own hobby.
'every' used to indicate a group of repeated regular events.
  • All alcoholics have at least one drink every single day.
  • Every other row in the table must be shaded by blue.
  • The magazine is published once every two weeks
  • He drinks wine every now and again.

'each' used as a pronoun.

  • Each has separate financial accounts. (Each of them has his own separate financial accounts.)
  • They each share half of the costs. (They share half of the costs each.)
  • They each cost a dollar. (They cost a dollar each.)
  • They each have their own cost. (Each of them has his own cost.)
  • He give them each a cup. (He give each of them a cup.)

'every + one' used as a pronoun.

  • He give every one of them a cup.
  • Every one of them has separate financial accounts.

'each + one' or 'every single one' to stress on each individual.


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References

  1. Thomson A.J., Martinet A.V., 1961, A Practical English Grammar for Foreign Students, Oxford University Press, London
  2. Nesfield, J.C., 1898, Manual of English Grammar and Composition, MacMillan & Co., Limited, London
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ID: 150200001 Last Updated: 2015/2/1 Revision: Ref:

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