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LaTeX \ Commands
 ASCII Characters
 Reserved Characters
 Supported ASCII Characters
 Escaped Codes
  Reserved Letters
 Source and Reference

LaTeX \ Commands

LaTeX uses ASCII printable characters by default. However, some of these ASCII characters are reserved as reserved characters for specific purposes. Among these reserved characters, backslash or slosh \ is used to initiate a LaTeX command. Besides, LaTeX also supports other characters using escaped codes in form of LaTex \ Command.

ASCII Characters

DEC HEX SYM HTML Number Description of Unprintable Control Codes LaTeX Characters
0 00 NUL � Null char N/A
1 01 SOH  Start of Heading N/A
2 02 STX  Start of Text N/A
3 03 ETX  End of Text N/A
4 04 EOT  End of Transmission N/A
5 05 ENQ  Enquiry N/A
6 06 ACK  Acknowledgment N/A
7 07 BEL  Bell N/A
8 08 BS  Back Space N/A
9 09 HT 	 Horizontal Tab N/A
10 0A LF 
 Line Feed N/A
11 0B VT  Vertical Tab N/A
12 0C FF  Form Feed N/A
13 0D CR 
 Carriage Return N/A
14 0E SO  Shift Out / X-On N/A
15 0F SI  Shift In / X-Off N/A
16 10 DLE  Data Line Escape N/A
17 11 DC1  Device Control 1 (oft. XON) N/A
18 12 DC2  Device Control 2 N/A
19 13 DC3  Device Control 3 (oft. XOFF) N/A
20 14 DC4  Device Control 4 N/A
21 15 NAK  Negative Acknowledgement N/A
22 16 SYN  Synchronous Idle N/A
23 17 ETB  End of Transmit Block N/A
24 18 CAN  Cancel N/A
25 19 EM  End of Medium N/A
26 1A SUB  Substitute N/A
27 1B ESC  Escape N/A
28 1C FS  File Separator N/A
29 1D GS  Group Separator N/A
30 1E RS  Record Separator N/A
31 1F US  Unit Separator N/A
DEC HEX SYM HTML Number Description of printable characters except 127 LaTeX Characters
32 20     Space  
33 21 ! ! Exclamation mark !
34 22 " " Double quotes (or speech marks) "
35 23 # # Number # Reserved Character
36 24 $ $ Dollar $ Reserved Character
37 25 % % Procenttecken % Reserved Character
38 26 & & Ampersand & Reserved Character
39 27 ' ' Single quote '
40 28 ( ( Open parenthesis (or open bracket) (
41 29 ) ) Close parenthesis (or close bracket) )
42 2A * * Asterisk *
43 2B + + Plus +
44 2C , , Comma ,
45 2D - - Hyphen -
46 2E . . Period, dot or full stop .
47 2F / / Slash or divide /
48 30 0 0 Zero 0
49 31 1 1 One 1
50 32 2 2 Two 2
51 33 3 3 Three 3
52 34 4 4 Four 4
53 35 5 5 Five 5
54 36 6 6 Six 6
55 37 7 7 Seven 7
56 38 8 8 Eight 8
57 39 9 9 Nine 9
58 3A : : Colon :
59 3B ; &#59; Semicolon ;
60 3C < &#60; Less than (or open angled bracket) <
61 3D = &#61; Equals =
62 3E > &#62; Greater than (or close angled bracket) >
63 3F ? &#63; Question mark ?
64 40 @ &#64; At SYM @
65 41 A &#65; Uppercase A A
66 42 B &#66; Uppercase B B
67 43 C &#67; Uppercase C C
68 44 D &#68; Uppercase D D
69 45 E &#69; Uppercase E E
70 46 F &#70; Uppercase F F
71 47 G &#71; Uppercase G G
72 48 H &#72; Uppercase H H
73 49 I &#73; Uppercase I I
74 4A J &#74; Uppercase J J
75 4B K &#75; Uppercase K K
76 4C L &#76; Uppercase L L
77 4D M &#77; Uppercase M M
78 4E N &#78; Uppercase N N
79 4F O &#79; Uppercase O O
80 50 P &#80; Uppercase P P
81 51 Q &#81; Uppercase Q Q
82 52 R &#82; Uppercase R R
83 53 S &#83; Uppercase S S
84 54 T &#84; Uppercase T T
85 55 U &#85; Uppercase U U
86 56 V &#86; Uppercase V V
87 57 W &#87; Uppercase W W
88 58 X &#88; Uppercase X X
89 59 Y &#89; Uppercase Y Y
90 5A Z &#90; Uppercase Z Z
91 5B [ &#91; Opening bracket [
92 5C \ &#92; Backslash \ Reserved Character
93 5D ] &#93; Closing bracket ]
94 5E ^ &#94; Caret - circumflex ^ Reserved Character
95 5F _ &#95; Underscore _ Reserved Character
96 60 ` &#96; Grave accent `
97 61 a &#97; Lowercase a a
98 62 b &#98; Lowercase b b
99 63 c &#99; Lowercase c c
100 64 d &#100; Lowercase d d
101 65 e &#101; Lowercase e e
102 66 f &#102; Lowercase f f
103 67 g &#103; Lowercase g g
104 68 h &#104; Lowercase h h
105 69 i &#105; Lowercase i i
106 6A j &#106; Lowercase j j
107 6B k &#107; Lowercase k k
108 6C l &#108; Lowercase l l
109 6D m &#109; Lowercase m m
110 6E n &#110; Lowercase n n
111 6F o &#111; Lowercase o o
112 70 p &#112; Lowercase p p
113 71 q &#113; Lowercase q q
114 72 r &#114; Lowercase r r
115 73 s &#115; Lowercase s s
116 74 t &#116; Lowercase t t
117 75 u &#117; Lowercase u u
118 76 v &#118; Lowercase v v
119 77 w &#119; Lowercase w w
120 78 x &#120; Lowercase x x
121 79 y &#121; Lowercase y y
122 7A z &#122; Lowercase z z
123 7B { &#123; Opening brace { Reserved Character
124 7C | &#124; Vertical bar | Reserved Character
125 7D } &#125; Closing brace } Reserved Character
126 7E ~ &#126; Equivalency sign - tilde ~ Reserved Character
127 7F &#127; Delete N/A
DEC HEX SYM HTML Number Description of extended ASCII codes (ISO 8859-1) LaTeX Characters
128 80 &#128; Euro sign N/A
129 81       N/A
130 82 &#130; Single low-9 quotation mark N/A
131 83 ƒ &#131; Latin small letter f with hook N/A
132 84 &#132; Double low-9 quotation mark N/A
133 85 &#133; Horizontal ellipsis N/A
134 86 &#134; Dagger N/A
135 87 &#135; Double dagger N/A
136 88 ˆ &#136; Modifier letter circumflex accent N/A
137 89 &#137; Per mille sign N/A
138 8A Š &#138; Latin capital letter S with caron N/A
139 8B &#139; Single left-pointing angle quotation N/A
140 8C Π&#140; Latin capital ligature OE N/A
141 8D       N/A
142 8E Ž &#142; Latin captial letter Z with caron N/A
143 8F       N/A
144 90       N/A
145 91 &#145; Left single quotation mark N/A
146 92 &#146; Right single quotation mark N/A
147 93 &#147; Left double quotation mark N/A
148 94 &#148; Right double quotation mark N/A
149 95 &#149; Bullet N/A
150 96 &#150; En dash N/A
151 97 &#151; Em dash N/A
152 98 ˜ &#152; Small tilde N/A
153 99 &#153; Trade mark sign N/A
154 9A š &#154; Latin small letter S with caron N/A
155 9B &#155; Single right-pointing angle quotation mark N/A
156 9C œ &#156; Latin small ligature oe N/A
157 9D       N/A
158 9E ž &#158; Latin small letter z with caron N/A
159 9F Ÿ &#159; Latin capital letter Y with diaeresis N/A
160 A0   &#160; Non-breaking space N/A
161 A1 ¡ &#161; Inverted exclamation mark N/A
162 A2 ¢ &#162; Cent sign N/A
163 A3 £ &#163; Pound sign N/A
164 A4 ¤ &#164; Currency sign N/A
165 A5 ¥ &#165; Yen sign N/A
166 A6 ¦ &#166; Pipe, Broken vertical bar N/A
167 A7 § &#167; Section sign N/A
168 A8 ¨ &#168; Spacing diaeresis - umlaut N/A
169 A9 © &#169; Copyright sign N/A
170 AA ª &#170; Feminine ordinal indicator N/A
171 AB « &#171; Left double angle quotes N/A
172 AC ¬ &#172; Not sign N/A
173 AD ­ &#173; Soft hyphen N/A
174 AE ® &#174; Registered trade mark sign N/A
175 AF ¯ &#175; Spacing macron - overline N/A
176 B0 ° &#176; Degree sign N/A
177 B1 ± &#177; Plus-or-minus sign N/A
178 B2 ² &#178; Superscript two - squared N/A
179 B3 ³ &#179; Superscript three - cubed N/A
180 B4 ´ &#180; Acute accent - spacing acute N/A
181 B5 µ &#181; Micro sign N/A
182 B6 &#182; Pilcrow sign - paragraph sign N/A
183 B7 · &#183; Middle dot - Georgian comma N/A
184 B8 ¸ &#184; Spacing cedilla N/A
185 B9 ¹ &#185; Superscript one N/A
186 BA º &#186; Masculine ordinal indicator N/A
187 BB » &#187; Right double angle quotes N/A
188 BC ¼ &#188; Fraction one quarter N/A
189 BD ½ &#189; Fraction one half N/A
190 BE ¾ &#190; Fraction three quarters N/A
191 BF ¿ &#191; Inverted question mark N/A
192 C0 À &#192; Latin capital letter A with grave N/A
193 C1 Á &#193; Latin capital letter A with acute N/A
194 C2 Â &#194; Latin capital letter A with circumflex N/A
195 C3 Ã &#195; Latin capital letter A with tilde N/A
196 C4 Ä &#196; Latin capital letter A with diaeresis N/A
197 C5 Å &#197; Latin capital letter A with ring above N/A
198 C6 Æ &#198; Latin capital letter AE N/A
199 C7 Ç &#199; Latin capital letter C with cedilla N/A
200 C8 È &#200; Latin capital letter E with grave N/A
201 C9 É &#201; Latin capital letter E with acute N/A
202 CA Ê &#202; Latin capital letter E with circumflex N/A
203 CB Ë &#203; Latin capital letter E with diaeresis N/A
204 CC Ì &#204; Latin capital letter I with grave N/A
205 CD Í &#205; Latin capital letter I with acute N/A
206 CE Î &#206; Latin capital letter I with circumflex N/A
207 CF Ï &#207; Latin capital letter I with diaeresis N/A
208 D0 Ð &#208; Latin capital letter ETH N/A
209 D1 Ñ &#209; Latin capital letter N with tilde N/A
210 D2 Ò &#210; Latin capital letter O with grave N/A
211 D3 Ó &#211; Latin capital letter O with acute N/A
212 D4 Ô &#212; Latin capital letter O with circumflex N/A
213 D5 Õ &#213; Latin capital letter O with tilde N/A
214 D6 Ö &#214; Latin capital letter O with diaeresis N/A
215 D7 × &#215; Multiplication sign N/A
216 D8 Ø &#216; Latin capital letter O with slash N/A
217 D9 Ù &#217; Latin capital letter U with grave N/A
218 DA Ú &#218; Latin capital letter U with acute N/A
219 DB Û &#219; Latin capital letter U with circumflex N/A
220 DC Ü &#220; Latin capital letter U with diaeresis N/A
221 DD Ý &#221; Latin capital letter Y with acute N/A
222 DE Þ &#222; Latin capital letter THORN N/A
223 DF ß &#223; Latin small letter sharp s - ess-zed N/A
224 E0 à &#224; Latin small letter a with grave N/A
225 E1 á &#225; Latin small letter a with acute N/A
226 E2 â &#226; Latin small letter a with circumflex N/A
227 E3 ã &#227; Latin small letter a with tilde N/A
228 E4 ä &#228; Latin small letter a with diaeresis N/A
229 E5 å &#229; Latin small letter a with ring above N/A
230 E6 æ &#230; Latin small letter ae N/A
231 E7 ç &#231; Latin small letter c with cedilla N/A
232 E8 è &#232; Latin small letter e with grave N/A
233 E9 é &#233; Latin small letter e with acute N/A
234 EA ê &#234; Latin small letter e with circumflex N/A
235 EB ë &#235; Latin small letter e with diaeresis N/A
236 EC ì &#236; Latin small letter i with grave N/A
237 ED í &#237; Latin small letter i with acute N/A
238 EE î &#238; Latin small letter i with circumflex N/A
239 EF ï &#239; Latin small letter i with diaeresis N/A
240 F0 ð &#240; Latin small letter eth N/A
241 F1 ñ &#241; Latin small letter n with tilde N/A
242 F2 ò &#242; Latin small letter o with grave N/A
243 F3 ó &#243; Latin small letter o with acute N/A
244 F4 ô &#244; Latin small letter o with circumflex N/A
245 F5 õ &#245; Latin small letter o with tilde N/A
246 F6 ö &#246; Latin small letter o with diaeresis N/A
247 F7 ÷ &#247; Division sign N/A
248 F8 ø &#248; Latin small letter o with slash N/A
249 F9 ù &#249; Latin small letter u with grave N/A
250 FA ú &#250; Latin small letter u with acute N/A
251 FB û &#251; Latin small letter u with circumflex N/A
252 FC ü &#252; Latin small letter u with diaeresis N/A
253 FD ý &#253; Latin small letter y with acute N/A
254 FE þ &#254; Latin small letter thorn N/A
255 FF ÿ &#255; Latin small letter y with diaeresis N/A

Reserved Characters

The LaTeX reserved ASCII characters are # $ % & { } \ _ | ^ ~. An ASCII space, ' ' is used as a delimiter in LaTeX, while the space gap is controlled by LaTeX engine. An escaped code '\ ' is used to create an ordinary interword space.
Code
\documentclass[border=10pt,varwidth]{standalone}
\begin{document}
\#\$\%\&\{\}\textbackslash\_\textbar\textasciicircum\textasciitilde\\
\# \$ \% \& \{ \} \textbackslash \_ \textbar \textasciicircum \textasciitilde\\
\#\ \$\ \%\ \&\ \{\ \}\ \textbackslash\ \_\ \textbar\ \textasciicircum\ \textasciitilde
\end{document}
Output
image

Supported ASCII Characters

The LateX supported characters are ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789 `-=[];',./!@*()+:" ?<>
Code
\documentclass[border=10pt,varwidth]{standalone}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\begin{document}
 \textvisiblespace\ ! " ' ( ) * + , - . / 
 
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
 
 : ; < = > ? @ 
 
 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
 
 [ ] ` 
 
 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
\end{document}
Output
image

Escaped Codes

Reserved Letters

The escaped code for reserved text letters ' #$%&\^_{|}~' are Escaped CodeText Mode CharMath Mode Char \    \### \$$$ \%%% \&&& \textbackslash\  \backslash \ \textasciicircum^  \hat{} ^ \___ \{{{ \textbar|  \vert | \}}} \textasciitilde~  \tilde() ~
Code
\documentclass[border=10pt,varwidth]{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz}
\begin{document}
\begin{tabular}{p{0.22\textwidth}p{.15\textwidth}p{.15\textwidth}}
\LaTeX\ command & text mode & math mode\\\hline
H\textbackslash\ H&H\ H&$H\ H$\\\hline
\textbackslash\# & \#&$\#$\\\hline
\textbackslash\$ & \$&$\$$\\\hline
\textbackslash\% & \%&$\%$\\\hline
\textbackslash\& & \&&$\&$\\\hline
\textbackslash textbackslash & \textbackslash\\
\textbackslash backslash & &$\backslash$\\\hline
\textbackslash textasciicircum  & \textasciicircum \\
\textbackslash hat\{\} & &$\hat{}$\\\hline
\textbackslash\_ & \_&$\_$\\\hline
\textbackslash\{ & \{&$\{$\\\hline
\textbackslash textbar & \textbar \\
\textbackslash vert & &$\vert$\\\hline
\textbackslash\} & \}&$\}$\\\hline
\textbackslash textasciitilde & \textasciitilde\\
\textbackslash tilde\{\} & &$\tilde{}$\\\hline
\end{tabular}
\end{document}
Output
image

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