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# Content

`Energy Density of Electric FieldβMagnetic FieldβEartg's Magnetic FieldβBiot-Savart Law of a Point ChargeβSource and Reference`

# Energy Density of Electric Field

Electric field has energy associated with its existence. If one charged plate in the capacitor is fixed, an another charged plate is moved due to the induced electric field. Word done due to the fixed plate is. ```πΈtot=ππ0=ππ΄π0βπΈfix=π2π0=π2π΄π0βπ=πΈtotπ΄π0=2πΈfixπ΄π0 π=β«πΉβππ=β«ππΈβππ=β«ππ2π΄π0π₯βππ₯=π22π΄π0π β«0ππ₯=π2π 2π΄π0 β=πΈtotππ 2=12π0πΈ2totπ π΄ βππ π΄=12π0πΈ2tot=ππππ= Energy Density of Electric Field ```

## Magnetic Field

Moving charged particles make a magnetic field, which is different from an electric field. The needle of a magnetic compass aligns with the direction of the net magnetic field at its location. A current is a continuous flow of charge. Electron current is a number of electrons per second entering a section of a conductor. Conventional current (Coulombs/second) is opposite in direction to the electron current, and is assumed to be due to positively charged particles. The superposition principle can be applied to calculate the expected magnetic field from current-carrying wires in various configurations. A current-carrying loop is a magnetic dipole. A bar magnet is also a magnetic dipole. Even a single atom can be a magnetic dipole.

## Eartg's Magnetic Field

|π΅Earth|~20 microTesla=2Γ10β5π; typical ππ Magnet~1π. The axis of Rarth magnet field is tilted by 11.3 degrees from the Earth rotational axis. In fact, magnet field sign reversals happens throughout Earth's history.

## Biot-Savart Law of a Point Charge

Moving charges create a magnetic field. ```π΅=π04πππ£Γπ|π|2 π = charge; π£ = velocity of charge; π = observation point (charge at origin); π04πβ‘1Γ10β7TeslaβmβsCoulomb``` The cross product follows the right hand rule. The resulting vector has the magnitude: `|π£Γπ|=|π£||π|sin π`

## Source and Reference

ID: 191201102 Last Updated: 12/11/2019 Revision: 0

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